4Ps of marketing

4 ps of marketing

Putting the correct product in the right location at the right time is the foundation of marketing. Sounds simple! You should make a product that appeals to a particular group of people, make it available where they congregate, charge a price that matches the value they perceive they gain from it, and do all of this when they are ready to buy.

But to do this successfully, a lot of work must determine what people want and where they shop. Then, you must compute how to produce it at a cost value and coordinate everything to happen at a crucial time.

However, it might be dangerous to use even one faulty component. If you publish a textbook after the start of the new school year, or if you provide an item at a price that is too high or too low for the target market, you may find yourself promoting an extremely fuel-efficient automobile in a region where gasoline is exceptionally cheap.

The marketing mix and the four Ps of marketing are great tools for preventing such mistakes. In this article and the following video, we’ll discover more about using them to create an effective marketing strategy.


What are the 4Ps of Marketing

The “marketing mix,” or the strategy you use to introduce a new good or service to the market, may be improved using the 4Ps of marketing. To ensure that your offering satisfies a specific customer need or want, it helps you define your marketing options in terms of pricing, product, promotion, and location.

The four Ps of marketing and the marketing mix are commonly used interchangeably. They aren’t necessarily the same.

The phrase “marketing mix” describes the various choices businesses must make when introducing a good or service to the market.

The marketing mix is occasionally referred to as the 4Ps, and E. J. McCarthy first defined it in his book “Basic Marketing – A Managerial Approach” in 1960.

These are the 4 Ps:

  • Product (or Service).

Understanding the 4Ps may be done very well by asking the questions you need to construct your marketing mix. Here are a few queries to aid in understanding and defining each of the four elements:


Anything or any service that satisfies the needs or desires of the consumer is a product. It may also be described as a group of services with physical components like design, volume, brand name, etc. A product’s perceived value is influenced by its kind, which enables businesses to price it profitably. Additionally, it affects other elements like advertising and product placement.

Businesses can achieve their goals by altering the packaging, after-sales support, warranties, price range, or entering new markets. Marketing professionals must be aware of a product’s life cycle stages to create strategies for each one, including introduction, growth, maturity, and decline.

Example –

Most consumers were unaware of the need for a phone to put everything at their fingertips until the iPhone was introduced. Because of how Apple marketed its product, people were encouraged to simplify their lives by carrying a smartphone that also served as a GPS, calendar, search engine, flashlight, weather app, and calculator.


A product’s pricing directly affects sales volume and business profits. Demand, cost, pricing trends among competitors, and governmental regulations are some factors that affect the price. Price typically reflects a product’s perceived value rather than its actual value. In other words, the cost can be increased to encourage exclusivity or decreased to promote accessibility.

Making decisions on the base price, discounts, price adjustments, credit terms, freight payments, and other factors are therefore part of pricing. Determining the necessity or suitability of strategies like discounting is also crucial.

Example –

Price points are essential to a product’s success. For instance, if a product is expensive, few people will purchase it. On the other side, a product priced too low can give consumers the idea that it is of inferior quality, discouraging them from buying it.


Promotion includes a variety of strategies, including advertising, salesforce, direct marketing, public relations, advertising expenditures, and other factors. Promotion’s primary objective is to increase public awareness of a business’s goods and services. It helps persuade buyers to choose one product over competing ones on the market. The following are a few of the promotional initiatives:

Advertising is a tactic to promote a good idea or concept by delivering a paid-for, impersonal message.

The management and control of information flow from a firm to the general public or other entities is known as public relations.

To join a market, a marketing strategy must first identify the suitable target market and then employ strategies like advertising. Other examples of marketing include choosing the category of Google search features that might result in relevant or targeted product advertisements, the look and feel of a company’s webpage, or content posted on social media reports like Twitter and Instagram.

Example –

The right timing is crucial in promotional marketing. Think about the football season, when pizza delivery deals are advertised at events. This encourages people to attempt new things they otherwise may not have.


Placing something involves determining where it will be available for purchase. Making sure that items are easily accessible to clients at the proper time and place is the primary objective of controlling trade channels. Choosing where and how much to charge for wholesale and retail stores is also included.

Distribution alternatives like outsourcing or commercial transportation fleets are selected following a cost-benefit analysis. Additionally, minor details like the product’s shelf space obligations in department stores are stated.

Example –

The distribution and advertising of the goods both originate from the place. For instance, you should steer clear of TikTok if you want to advertise a product to seniors. Similarly, products marketed to younger generations would get more attention if promoted online and on social media sites.


Wrapping Up

The marketing mix helps you identify the marketing components needed to position your market offer effectively.

A well-known method for identifying your marketing opportunities is the 4Ps of Marketing.

  • Product
  • Price
  • Promotion
  • Place

Use the model to analyze a current offer or develop a new one to maximize the impact on your target market.

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