Artificial Intelligence v/s Deep Learning

deep learning digital thakur

Artificial Intelligence vs Deep Learning


Artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning, and deep learning—are occasionally used synonymously to refer to intelligent software. But it’s helpful to be aware of the essential differences between them.

Think of deep learning and artificial intelligence as a series of Russian dolls stacked on top of one another, starting with the smallest and progressing up. A subset of machine learning is a subset of artificial intelligence (AI), which is the general term for any computer programme that executes intelligent tasks. In other words, not all machine learning is AI, and not all AI is machine learning, etc.


What is artificial intelligence?

One of the founding architects of artificial intelligence, John McCarthy, described it as “the science and engineering of creating intelligent robots.”

Other definitions of artificial intelligence include the following:

  • A field of computer science that studies how to simulate intelligent behaviour in machines.
  • A machine’s capacity to replicate intelligent human behaviour.
  • A computer system is competent in performing tasks that would typically need human intellect, such as speech recognition, visual perception, decision-making, and language translation.

Numerous techniques mimic human intellect; some of these approaches are more sophisticated than others.

A statistical model that converts unprocessed sensory data into symbolic categories might be as straightforward as a series of if-then statements or as complex as AI. If-then clauses are nothing more than rules programmed explicitly by a human hand. These if-then clauses are known as rules engines, expert systems, knowledge graphs, or symbolic artificial intelligence (AI). We call these “Good, Old-Fashioned AI” (GOFAI).

The mental model that rules engines might be that of a tax-savvy accountant who uses a set of static rules to process the data you provide and determine your tax liability.

Many think an AI-designed computer program that succeeds at anything, like chess, is “not truly brilliant” because they know the algorithm’s inner workings. The critics contend that intelligence must be irrational and particular to people. Computers can now not perform what wags believe true AI to be.


Types of Artificial Intelligence

  1. Systems known as reactive machines only react. These systems don’t remember things or form opinions based on prior experiences.
  2. Limited Memory is the system that uses the past and gradually adds information. The information being discussed is momentary.
  3. Systems that can comprehend human emotions and how they affect decision-making fall under the theory of mind. They are instructed on how to adjust their behaviour correctly.
  4. Self-awareness is the system designed with self-awareness in mind. They are aware of their emotional states, foresee others’ emotions, and act appropriately.


What is deep learning?

A branch of appliance learning called “deep learning” focuses on developing algorithms modelled after the human brain’s structure and operation. Deep learning systems can process enormous volumes of organised and unstructured data. Artificial neural networks, which enable machines to make judgments, are the central idea of deep learning.

The main difference between deep learning and AI is how data is presented to the system. While AI algorithms frequently need structured input, deep learning networks rely on many layers of artificial neural networks.

An input layer of the network accepts data inputs. The hidden layer looks through the data for any hidden features. The output layer then delivers the anticipated output.


How does deep learning work?

  • The weighted sums, please.
  • The activation function receives the weighted total that results.
  • The “weighted total of information” is sent as input to the activation function, which then adds a bias and decides whether or not to fire the neuron.
  • The output layer offers the anticipated output.
  • The model’s output is contrasted with the actual production. The model uses the backpropagation strategy to improve the neural network’s performance after training. A lower mistake rate can be attributed to the cost function.


Types of deep neural networks

1. Convolutional Neural Networks (CNN)

It is a subclass of deep neural networks that are frequently employed in the analysis of images.

2. Recurrent Neural Network (RNN)

RNN uses sequential data to generate models. Models that need to retain historical data frequently perform better.

3. Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs)

The computational structure known as GANs (Generative Adversarial Networks) combines two neural networks to produce new, artificial data examples that can be mistaken for actual data. A GAN trained on photos can create brand-new images that, to human observers, seem at least ostensibly authentic.

4. Deep Belief Network (DBN)

It is a generative graphical model composed of many layers of latent variables, also called hidden units. Each layer is linked, while the units are not.


What is the future of AI?

Researchers at Google Brain, DeepMind, OpenAI, and other universities are moving forward quickly. AI is superior to humans at increasingly challenging problems.

This means that predictions regarding the future of AI are worthless because it is evolving more quickly than its history can be chronicled. Are attempts to extract intelligence from silicon more like attempting to turn lead into gold, or is it possible to make a breakthrough like nuclear fission? 1

The four primary schools of thought, or churches of belief, govern how people talk about AI.

People who anticipate rapid AI development are frequently worried about powerful AI and whether it would benefit humanity. The benefits of more intelligent software, which could shield humanity from its current follies, are highlighted by one group of people who foresee continued improvement; the existential threat posed by a superintelligence, however, is raised by the other group.

AI advancements will be facilitated by improvements in computational capacities, such as more robust processors or quantum computing, because AI capability rises in lockstep with the power of processing equipment. On a purely algorithmic level, the vast majority of the fantastic results attained by research facilities like DeepMind originate from synthesising different AI approaches, much like AlphaGo combines deep learning with reinforcement learning. Combining deep knowledge with evolutionary, Bayesian, symbolic, and analogical reasoning has demonstrated promise.

According to those who do not think AI is significantly improving in contrast to human intelligence, funding will again dry up due to generally dismal results, as it has in the past. Many have a preferred method or technique that is competitive with deep learning.

Then there are the pragmatists, who battle with messy data, a lack of AI talent, and public acceptance. Of all the organisations providing AI forecasts, they practise the least amount of religion; all they know is that it will be challenging.


Final words

The debate over AI vs Deep Learning has demonstrated that AI is a more comprehensive concept, and Deep Learning is one of its parts. In conclusion, the most straightforward way to comprehend the distinction between AI and deep learning is to recognise that deep learning is machine learning. It represents the subsequent development of machine learning.


Leave a Reply